Chalk Talk 1/24/2011
General Information About Sailing
o An FJ is a small dingy.
o The FJ has two sails: main and jib.
o “Halyards” are used to raise and lower a sail, thus we have the main halyard and the jib halyard.
o “Sheets” are the ropes used to trim the sails, and we therefore have both main sheets and jib sheets.
o Boats sail on a “close hauled course” when they are at a 45 degree angle into the wind.
o The sails are used to generate lift, and the centerboard generates lift in the opposite direction, which allows the boat to go forward.
o When we go at a 90 degree angle against the wind, this is called a “reach” and is the fastest the boat can go.
o The right side of the boat is called the “starboard” side and the left side is the “port” side.
o If the wind is coming over the right side of the boat, we’re on a “starboard tack” and if over the left side then a “port tack”.
o Any less than a 45 degree angle is the “no sail zone”, which means that the boat can no longer go forward due to a decrease in lift.
§ To stay out of the no sail zone, we must “tack” (or turn) into the wind and sail upwind in a zig-zag pattern.
§ Downwind is easier because we can head more directly, but turning while going downwind is called a “jibe”.